Over the years, engineering has proven to be one of the essential disciplines in our daily lives, as they are real solutions to real problems. Theorists think of solutions, and engineers make realities. Engineers are inventors and also make their theories because they do not depend only on theorists. Let’s look at nine areas of engineering that are still needed, and that will change regularly.
What is the best field of engineering? Engineering is a broad field, and with so many types of engineering, it can be tough to figure out which one is exactly for you. To help you decide, you must try to identify your passion. What excites you, and what do you spend in your spare time? All types of engineering involve some form of problem-solving (and usually aim to make life easier), but which engineering solution is the most exciting for you? Choosing a subject that naturally interests you makes it easier for you to stay motivated throughout your course and stay involved in the subject throughout your engineering career.
1. Computer technology
Computer engineers have the world at their fingertips if they have the right skills and knowledge.
Computer engineers can work in the development, design, and production of computer hardware and software. You can work in software development and analysis, business analysis, data scientists, game development, consulting, system development, user behavior analysis, etc.
2. Automobile technology
When someone buys a car, they get a product that has been researched, designed, developed, and contributed to the manufacture of various components for that vehicle. Automobile engineers also develop vehicle subsystems and perform tests and troubleshooting. They have far more obligations to ensure that the buyer obtains a safe and efficient car.
3. Mechanical engineering
It sometimes misunderstood that machine builders are unusual auto mechanics. It is certainly not true. Mechanical engineers are trained in a multidisciplinary field and are often involved in the design, development, and manufacture of sophisticated machines.
A mechanical engineer can work in a variety of fields, including aerospace, manufacturing and manufacturing, automotive, control and instrumentation, nuclear, water treatment, and more.
4. Software engineering
Each machine consists of two main parts: the hardware, which represents the physical aspect of the machine. And the software, which includes signals, data, and algorithms that control the interaction between all the different components of the device. Software is usually connected to computers but refers to everything that is considered computerized or that performs logical processes.
Computers are developing very quickly. If the Moore law is valid, the computing power doubles every 18 months. It means that the network gets more powerful. More sophisticated software and applications are required.
5. Mechatronics Engineering
For those who don’t know what mechatronics is, it’s the design and development of automated machines. It is the combination of mechanics, electronics, and software development disciplines to create elaborate tools. It differs from the three subjects that are intertwined in this area and also varies considerably from automation technology.
Mechatronics engineers are responsible for developing a deep understanding of these complicated machines that very few people can.
Mechatronics engineers can work in the fields of artificial intelligence, aviation, computer technology, control systems. And also in data communication systems, energy, space travel and astronautics, modeling and simulations, and many other areas.
6. Electrical and electronic engineering
If there are electronics, electrical signals are needed to work. The electronics convert analog signals into digital signals to enable better manipulation and control by software. These engineers can work anywhere. Areas of employment include Aerospace, Radio, Electricity, Electronics, Computers, Networks, Nuclear Technology, Satellite Communications, and much more.
7. Telecommunications Engineering
When someone phones a mobile device or sends a text message, the call or text is sent back to the communications towers, possibly via satellite or over a vast underground cable network. The telephone coupling on the other side, wherever it may be – at the speed of light.
Telecommunications engineers are responsible for most of this data communication process.
Telecommunications engineers are able to work in virtually every organization/industry, as long as it includes telecommunications, including aerospace, manufacturing, telecommunications, aeronautics, data communications and analysis, technical solutions, and many more.
The prospects for each area may vary according to the expertise and capabilities of an individual.
And the market demands expertise and highly skilled staff.
8. Petroleum engineering
It is part of every phase of production in the oil and gas industry. One of the tasks of a petroleum engineer is to maximize the extraction and processing of petroleum, minimize costs, and reduce the burden on the environment.
A petroleum engineer can be a petroleum geologist, a reservoir engineer, a production engineer, a drilling engineer, and others.
9. Civil engineering
Things are changing very quickly. The needs of people are changing, and as the population increases, more houses will be needed. Costs are becoming a significant challenge, and income gaps are widening. New ways of housing people are required. It is partly the responsibility of civil engineers.
Civil engineering is not only about housing and construction problems. It deals with geotechnics, structural engineering, traffic and roads, environmental solutions, town planning, and much more.